A backhoe loader, also known as a digger, is a form of tractor (or more appropriately, a form of heavy equipment), that is fitted with a small backhoe on the back and a bucket or shovel on the front. They are very common in small construction projects and urban engineering because of their small size and versatility. Although it is modeled off of a tractor, it is rarely called a tractor when both the backhoe and loader are permanently attached.
Like most heavy machinery, John Deere is one of the most popular brands of backhoe loaders. John Deere has a wide variety of backhoe loaders to choose from, starting with their 310 series. It offers attachment interchangeability, low maintenance costs, and tons of versatility. Each model offers various features such as a larger cabin, a more secure cabin, a larger loader or a larger backhoe. JCB is another popular brand, and is actually one of the world’s top three manufacturers in construction equipment. In fact, in India, Ireland, and Britain, backhoe loaders are actually referred to as JCBs.
Backhoe loaders are one of the most common types of heavy construction equipment. They can be used for a wide variety of tasks, such as paving roads, breaking asphalt, landscaping, digging holes, transporting building materials, small demolitions, and general construction. Both the backhoe bucket and front assembly can be replaced with other attachments depending on the type of job you are doing. Some of these attachments include a stump grinder, an auger, a grapple, or a breaker. If you are renting a backhoe loader for some home landscaping, make sure you have the proper accessory already attached. They should be able to do it at the store for you. If you own your own backhoe loader, make sure you follow the instructions when attaching and detaching certain components.
Safety Features & Guidelines
The swinging weight of the backhoe may cause a backhoe loader to tip, although most backhoe loaders use stabilizers or hydraulic outriggers when digging to help stabilize the vehicle. This does reduce efficiency however, because the bucket will have to be raised and the outriggers retracted when you need to change the vehicle’s position. Like all tractors or heavy equipment, proper safety precautions should be taken when operating the machine. Make sure you are aware of any potential hazards, such as uneven ground or tree stumps, when operating the backhoe loader. Be careful when driving on uneven surfaces or steep slopes, as this may cause the vehicle to tip, which can cause serious injury, or even death.
Pros & Cons
Their precise control, easy maneuvrability, and small frame make backhoe loaders very useful for urban engineering projects and home landscaping. They are able to dig, move soil or heavy objects, and perform other tasks that can be very difficult for people to do on their own, but they are also easy to drive on small job sites and easy to store.
They may be too small to be effective on large job sites, however, where a tracked excavator is usually preferred. Renting a backhoe loader for a day depends on the place you choose to rent from, whereas purchasing one may cost around $50, 000.